Situation Updates

Nepal

On Saturday, 25th April 2015, at 11:56 a.m. local time, a violent, 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Nepal. Its epicenter was in Lamjung District, 77 kilometers northwest of the capital, Kathmandu. Strong aftershocks, including one of a magnitude of 6.5 on 26th April, threatened even more lives as already damaged buildings and infrastructure continued to convulse and crumble.[1] In the midst of these reoccurring aftershocks, another tremor measuring a magnitude of 7.3 struck on Tuesday, May 12th at 12:50 p.m from an epicenter located in Sindhupalchowk District, 76 kilometers northeast of Kathmandu.[2] The strength of this tremor intrinsically classified as a second quake, battering the bit of progress that had been made in recovering from the initial quake less than a month prior.

The last reported death toll of the first quake had been 8,019 people, along with another 17,866 reported as injured.[3] However, after the second quake on 12 May, another 65 people were reportedly killed, while another 2,000 were injured.[4] In response to the initial 25th April quake, the UN had issued a flash appeal for a total of US $415 million to respond to the humanitarian needs for the next three months. Since the occurrence of the second quake on 12th May, the UN has yet to issue an appeal for any further funding of the second quake. Many countries and donor agencies have answered this call, however, as of 4th May, only US$7.5 million, or two percent, of that appeal had been guaranteed. An additional US$68 million has been provided in the form of humanitarian pledges, commitments, and contributions.[5] These contributions are helping support activities in the follow clusters: Early Recovery, Food Security, Shelter and NFI’s, Health, and Education.

UN OCHA has established two humanitarian hubs in Gorkha District and in Sindhupalchowk District in order to coordinate its field operations. There are also an additional five logistic hubs being established in Birgunj, Parsa District; Bharatpur, Chitwan District; Deurali, Gorkha District; Dhulikhel, Kavre District; and Chautara, Sindhupalchowk District.[6] These logistic hubs will be essential for reaching remote districts and villages quickly. This is especially urgent as the next monsoon season is expected to begin in approximately six weeks.[7] Some examples of other humanitarian needs and responses by sponsored clusters are noted as the following:[8]

Early Recovery

Needs: 72 Village Development Committee (VDC) offices were destroyed. Immediate support is required to facilitate authorities’ delivery of public services.

Response: As of 3rd May, forty two government personnel are deployed to the VDC’s to support early recovery activities.

Gaps & Constraints: The condition of twenty one VDC’s have not been accounted for as of now in Gorkha District due to remoteness.

Food Security

Needs: More than three million people are estimated to be in need of food assistance. Of these three million, 1.4 million have been identified to need immediate food assistance.

Response: A total of 2,094.123 metric tons of food is being distributed across 15 districts (Gorkha, Dhading, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchok, Dolakha, Rasuwa, Lamjung, Kavre, Makawanapur, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap, and Sindhuli).

Gaps & Constraints: Two helicopters available for food distribution, but more helicopters are needed to transport food to areas inaccessible by road.

Shelter

Needs: As of 4th May, it was reported that 191,058 homes had been destroyed and 175,162 are damaged.

Response: A total of 52,000 tarps have been distributed; 10,794 tarps are in-country ready to be distributed, and an additional 234,161 tarps are en route to Nepal.

Gaps & Constraints: Logistics of providing shelter options to remote areas is proving challenging. There is also a particular constraint on time and supply of materials with the upcoming monsoon season.

Health

Needs: Foreign medical teams are needed to establish field hospitals in Bidur, Chautara, Dhunche, and Ramechhap as the central hospitals in each of these locations have been destroyed.

Response: A total of 28,240 patients have been treated in Kathmandu Valley hospitals as of 3rd May.

Gaps & Constraints: Physical rehabilitation services for amputees and services to address mental and psychosocial support are insufficient.

Education

Needs: Twenty nine teachers are reported dead in the fourteen of the worst affected districts. Additional teachers will be needed when public schools resume on 15th May.

Response: Twenty two Child Friendly Spaces have been established for displaced communities in Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts serving over 2,200 earthquake affected children.

Gaps & Constraints: Tarps and materials are necessary to expansion of services beyond the Kathmandu Valley.

In addition to these efforts in the five clusters, other work is being conducted on camp coordination and management, emergency telecommunications, logistics, nutrition, protection, and WASH. Examples of immediate response achievements in these areas include the distribution of 250,000 boxes of multiple micronutrient powder for malnourished children in twelve districts. The dispatch of police vans patrolling camps and makeshift shelters in order to maintain law and order for the IDPs’ security is also being done.[9] Although these are all significant achievements, much more funding, in-kind donations, and manpower will be needed to scale up these operations to bring the Nepali people some sense of normalcy in their lives once again.

[1] OCHA & UNHCR. (29 April 2015). Flash Appeal for the Response to the Nepal Earthquake April – July 2015. Retrieved from: http://reliefweb.int/report/nepal/nepal-flash-appeal-response-nepal-earthquake-april-july-2015

[2] OCHA. (12 May 2015). OCHA Flash Update – Nepal Earthquake. Retrieved from: http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/20150512%20OCHA%20Flash%20Update%20Nepal%20Earthquake.pdf

[3] CNN Staff. (10 May 2015). Death Toll in Nepal Earthquake Tops 8,000. CNN News. Retrieved from: http://edition.cnn.com/2015/05/10/asia/nepal-earthquake-death-toll/

[4] Nepal Earthquake: Rescue Resumes after Deadly Tremor. (13 May 2015). BBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32716211

[5] OCHA. (4 May 2015). Nepal: Earthquake 2015. Situation Report No. 10. Retrieved from: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/system/files/documents/files/nepal_earthquake_2015_-_situation_report_10_4_may_2015.pdf

[6] OCHA. (4 May 2015). Nepal: Earthquake 2015. Situation Report No. 10. Retrieved from: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/system/files/documents/files/nepal_earthquake_2015_-_situation_report_10_4_may_2015.pdf

[7] OCHA. (4 May 2015). Nepal: Earthquake 2015. Situation Report No. 10. Retrieved from: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/system/files/documents/files/nepal_earthquake_2015_-_situation_report_10_4_may_2015.pdf

[8] OCHA. (4 May 2015). Nepal: Earthquake 2015. Situation Report No. 10. Retrieved from: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/system/files/documents/files/nepal_earthquake_2015_-_situation_report_10_4_may_2015.pdf

[9] OCHA. (4 May 2015). Nepal: Earthquake 2015. Situation Report No. 10. Retrieved from: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/system/files/documents/files/nepal_earthquake_2015_-_situation_report_10_4_may_2015.pdf

Background: Heavy rain, snow fall, avalanches and flash floods have affected 7,018 families in twenty-two provinces of Afghanistan. A total of 254 people were killed and seventy-two people were injured. 1,312 houses were completely destroyed and 5,285 houses were damaged.

According to recent reports Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) Afghanistan has provided health related services to 6,125 individuals. All main roads are now open to traffic; however the Ministry of Defense (MoD), Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) are still working with local contractors to reopen secondary roads in Badakhshan, Bamyan, and Daykundi provinces. All roads are open in Panjsher province, except for the Khawak valley road in Paryan district.

As per recent reports, 425 new IDP families are reported from Hese Awal district in Panjsher province. Till to date Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) has provided cash assistance to 106 families who lost their family members. Private donations collated by ANDMA has comprised of food donations for 2,264 families (including wheat, vegetable oil, sugar, and rice), 170 tents, 444 plastic sheets, 750 blankets, and clothes for 1,670 adults and children. Additionally the Government of Afghanistan has also allocated emergency funds to support affected families. With support from UNICEF, MoPH has assigned vaccination teams in Panjsher and vaccinated 3,000 children by March 17, 2015. Emergency hospitals and basic health clinics in Panjsher are also functional.

In Parwan, assessment in parts of Ghorband valley is still pending due to road clearance. World Food Program (WFP) distributed food and International Organization for Migration (IOM) distributed NFIs to 242 families from Bagram, Charikar, and Jebal Saraj and Kohi Safi districts. WFP food, CARE NFIs, and UNICEF children’s clothing distributions started in Salang district on March 14, 2015 and are expected to begin in Shiwari and Surkh-e-Parsa districts. In Salang, health clinics with ten bed capacities are fully operational in both sides of the pass.

In Kapisa, 366 families have been affected by heavy snowfall. In total, three people died, eight injured, 166 houses were completely destroyed and 200 houses severely damaged in twenty-four villages in seven districts. Their priority needs are food and NFIs. The Provincial Department of Agriculture reported that 3,500 farmers were affected by heavy snowfall and the Ministry of Agriculture has assigned teams to assess damage to farms and orchards. Villages affected by heavy snow fall in Deh-Sabaz district of Kabul are yet to be assessed.

Eastern Region: Joint assessment teams have recommended 2,929 families for humanitarian assistance from Nangarha, Kunar, Laghman, and Nuristan. A total of 2,683 houses are severely damaged and 246 houses are completely destroyed in the region.

Nangarhar is the worst affected province in eastern region due to floods where Behsud, Shekhmesr, Surkhsrod, Darunta, Khewa, Dara-eNoor, Jalalabad City Achin and some other districts of this province are severally damaged. Overall nine people including women and children have died, few are reported injured, 158 houses completely damaged, while 1,591 houses are severely damaged.

North Eastern Region: Assessments are underway in Badakhshan, Takhar and Baghlan provinces. More than ten houses are completely destroyed, five people are killed and three other wounded due to recent avalanches in districts of Badakhshan.

Western Region: Heavy snowfall in Badghis has cut off several villages in Ab Kamari district from basic health services. The Department of Public Health (DoPH) has deployed an emergency mobile health team to the affected villages. MoPH has sent a medical team to Qala-e-Naw in Badghis province to support families under threat of landslides.

CWS-P/A Response: CWS-P/A emergency response team is on alert and coordinating with ANDMA, OCHA, IOM and other relevant organizations and stakeholders.

Based on a recent update from OCHA in Afghanistan Humanitarian Forum (AHF) meeting held on March 18, 2015 in Kabul, the main and worst affected provinces in terms of damages and number of affected families who lost their assets are Parwan and Nangarhar. Immediate needs of the affected families including food is fulfilled for the month, but there is dire need of food for the coming months. Most of the affected families have lost their stand crops in agriculture land and wheat, corn, rice, bean and other food items stocked in their houses were washed away by flood, came under avalanches or expire due to heavy snow and floods. These food items were stored by the people for one year consumption.

As per the list of distributed assistance shared by ANDMA, OCHA, IOM and other organizations, mattresses and pillows are not included which is one of the priority need of the affected families. Currently the floors are damp and sleeping on damp floor without a mattress can cause different diseases such as bone ache etc. CWS-P/A plans to provide mattresses, pillow with a plastic mat to spread below the mattress to ensure prevention from diseases. Additionally to prevent the affected community from outbreak of water borne or communicable disease, provision of health and hygiene awareness sessions with hygiene kit are also considered essential.

Background: A large number of losses are reported from across Afghanistan due to heavy rain, snow fall, avalanches and flash floods. According to media reports at least 286 people have died, 3715 families in all 19 provinces have been severely affected, based on ANDMA/OCHA report. The figures are still not confirmed as the rescue operation and assessment is still going on in Panjsher, Parwan and other provinces, and even access to some of the area is still difficult due to heavy snowfall and blockage of primary and secondary roads throughout the countries in recent days. Majority of the deaths are reported from Panjsher in central region. On March 1, 2015 Salang pass was reopened for passengers and heavy vehicle traffic, additionally the Ministry of Public Works is also working to clear secondary roads in Panjsher. With a possibility of more avalanches in Arib Valley of Pryan district, authorities are now working to clear debris and restore power supplies.

In Parwan, Kabul, Kapisa and Wardak several houses are destroyed due to flooding. Livestock losses are also reported in central highlands, besides avalanches have been triggered by heavy snow combined with rain. Primary roads in Bamyan’s Panjab, Yakawalang, Ashterlay, Khidir, and Sang-eTakht in Daykundi are closed.

Eastern Region: Within the districts of Nangarhar, Nuristan, Laghman and Kunar more than 1000 families are affected by rainfall, avalanches and floods. Till to date humanitarian agencies distributed NFIs and food supplies to 205 families and forty-two tents in districts of Nangarhar. Twenty-one NFI kits in Mehterlam and eighty NFI kits were distributed in Qarghayi district Laghman.

North Eastern Region: Most of the time in a year, seven districts of Badakhshan province are closed due to heavy snowfall and bad roads. Due to recent snow three other district roads have also been closed. An avalanche reported in one of the villages of Maimai district, claimed nine lives and destroyed eight houses completely. In Takhar the government plans to use helicopters to distribute cash assistance to affected families and transfer food, but to date the weather has not been conducive for the flights to take place.

Western Region: Overall 116 families affected by snow and twenty-eight families affected by flood were reported in Badghis province. Three houses completely destroyed and a number of casualties were reported from Ghor province. Due to heavy snow fall roads are blocked which became a hindrance to conduct assessments. According to ANDMA fifty-four families identified for food and NFIs distribution in Farah province and 136 families affected by flooding across Hirat province are receiving humanitarian assistance.

CWS-P/A Response: CWS-P/A emergency response team is on alert and coordinating with ANDMA, OCHA, IOM and other relevant organizations and stakeholders. Our response is planned based on the current needs, however the existing emergency need is high and also changing with time. CWS-P/A plans to target vulnerable families in two most affected provinces of Panjsher and Parwan by providing food ration for three months, nonfood item packages, health and hygiene kits along with awareness raising sessions.