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Intense Armed conflict between Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and Armed Opposition Groups (AOGs) has led to large-scale displacement in Kunduz, Takhar, Kunar, Sari-pul and Nangarhar provinces of Afghanistan. The currently affected areas were already hosting IDPs from other areas but with the recent crisis; those IDPs are displaced again and will also have to move along with the local people. The number of IDPs is increasing as the government of Afghanistan has also announced the continual of the military operation.

Based on UNHCR’s recent report, the conflict-induced internal displacement in the North, North East and Eastern regions of Afghanistan has increased in the last two months. As of UNOCHA’s recent report number approximately 10,000 families are displaced within the Northeast.

Present estimates suggest that by the end of the year, more than 48,500 families / 324,000 individuals may become displaced, which would make 2015 one of the worst years for conflict-induced displacement in Afghanistan since 2002. During the months June and July, 21 out of 34 Provinces in Afghanistan have been affected by forced movements of population due to conflict.

Kunduz Province: A rapidly deteriorating humanitarian situation is reported in the city.  In May crisis in Khan Abad, Imam-shahib, Gultipa and some other parts of the province caused the displacement of thousands of families from Gultepa, Alchin, Telawka, Bozi Qandari, Hazrat Sultan, Qala-e-Zal, Dasht-e-Archi, Chardarah, Aliabad and other districts of Kuduz province. The families have been displaced to Kunduz Provincial Capital city and to some semi urban areas of the city.

As of the most recently, people started to flee from the city and most of the people moved to the villages in the adjacent districts of Aliabad, Chardarah, Emam saheb, Khanabad and some have moved south via Baghlan province to Kabul. Many families fleeing from Kunduz are moving towards Kabul. As per voice of America, 6,000 families have been displaced so far in Kunduz only. The recent clashes have also resulted in civilian casualties, people lost their crops which were ready to harvest and these fights have damaged their properties too.  Lack of relief services in Kunduz city is a major concern right now. WHO reported that emergency medical services and stocks of food are needed urgently. In Kunduz City water and electricity is cut off in many places.

Takhar Province: Intense clashes and quick shifting of territorial control between parties in conflict has provoked multiple displacements of people in Khuja Ghar District,  Baharak, Taloqan and Dashte-Qala districts of Takhar. A major conflict in the bordering districts of Kunduz and Takhar province has also caused displacement of population from Kunduz to Takhar. Sunatullah Taimour, spokesman of Takhar governor, told Pajhwok Afghan News that more than 6,000 families from Kunduz have moved to Taluqan, Baharak, Farkhar, Warsaj and Kalafgan districts.

In the areas of displacement, most of the families are living in crowded conditions and shared accommodations. They expressed the intention to return as soon as the situation improves. However, their houses and livelihoods have been totally destroyed. Shelter and food are needed for the displaced communities.

Nangarhar: Nangarhar province (especially Jalalabad city) has a large number of Afghan returnees from Pakistan. It also has a large population of conflict induced IDPs residing there from neighboring provinces like Laghman, Kunar, and Nuristan and also has a continuous influx of IDPs from remote districts particularly from Kot and Achin. Families are settling in Jalalabad, Behsud, Rodat and Shurkhrod districts, and also in the neighboring rural districts close to Achin. Nangarhar provincial capital is likely to remain the main receiver of displaced people from Laghman, Kunar and Nuristan provinces.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia has been responding to the needs of IDPs in Kunduz Province providing monthly food package for two months with the support of the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR). Direct contact with stakeholders in the affected areas, including local government, partners and those assisted during the recent response has been established. We are closely monitoring the situation and will plan a response based on the needs and gaps identified.

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Muhammad Fazal
Associate Director
Emergencies/DRR/Climate Change
Email: fazil.sardar@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 332 5586134

Palwashay Arbab
Senior Communications Officer
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources: http://www.thefrontierpost.com/article/339814//
Voice of America
UNOCHA Afghanistan

New wave of Displacement in Kunduz

Overall situation: Since April 24, 2015, the conflict between Afghanistan National Security Force (ANSF) and Armed Opposition Groups (AOGs) have intensified in the North, Northeast and East, especially in Kunduz, Takhar, Kunar and Sari-pul provinces. This has led to the displacement of thousands of families in Kunduz, Takhar and Nangarhar provinces.

All shops, public transport, NGOs and offices in Kunduz city have been shut down since the conflict intensified two days ago. Two hospitals in Kunduz city are operational at the moment. Kunduz Province currently remains one of the most unstable areas in Afghanistan. Most of the IDPs that had temporarily settled in Kunduz city have now moved to Ali Abad and Char Dara districts and some to Imam Sahib and Sar-dawra, ahilltop near Kunduz Airport. While other families have moved to Taluqan city in Takhar province. The inflow of IDPs to the outskirts of the Jalalabad city is similarly increasing following the intensifying conflict in the Kot, Achin, Agam, Chaparhar and Khugyani districts.

Conflict-induced displacement continues to be largely triggered by AOGs ground offensives and by the ANSF counteroffensives, often through large-scale military operations, including aerial bombardments. More recently, and on a more localized level in Eastern region, displacement has also been triggered by clashes between armed opposition groups. In several situations, no party in the conflict appears able to capitalize on and hold territorial gains made over time. As a result, the frontlines and control over areas rapidly shifts, causing swift population movements and rapid displacement cycles that are increasingly difficult to track. Nonetheless, our nationwide programs in Afghanistan continue to operate.

The affected communities are now rushing to safer grounds in a state of emergency. Most of them have had no time to take their belongings along with them.  Wherever these displaced populations will take refuge, they will be in immediate need of emergency assistance in the shape of food, non-food items (NFIs), health, shelter, cash grants and livelihood opportunities. The communities of Kunduz, Baghlan, Takhar, and Nangarhar provinces have recently been affected by floods as well which resulted in a major losses of food, health, shelter and other livelihood assets.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia has recently been responding to the needs of IDPs in Kunduz Province providing monthly food package for two months with the support of the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR). Direct contact with stakeholders in the area, including local government, partners and those assisted during the recent response has been established. We are closely monitoring the situation and will plan a response based on the needs and gaps identified.

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Mobile: +92 301 5801621

Nejabat Khan Safi
Associate Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: nejabat.safi@communitryworldservice.asia
Mobile: +93 799 326 628

Palwashay Arbab
Head of Communications
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Mobile: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources:
www.cnn.com
www.reuters.com
Local partners

“Floods make the poor, the poorest” – Mai Pathani (Gotkhi, Sindh)

Mai Pathani is a 50 year old housewife from the village of Nehal Chachar in Union Council (UC) Qadir Pur in Gotkhi, Sindh. Her husband is a barber named Khawand Buksh. The couple has four daughters and three sons together.  Mai Pathani has kept two goats to contribute to the household income since her husband’s income alone is insufficient for the family of nine.

CO-PIC-00034-15 (1)Before the floods hit their village this year, Khawand Buksh provided hair cutting bservices to the village residents and in return each of his clients paid him with wheat grains after each harvest. Some of his clients in the village also offered Buksh’s family food supplies.  However, this support was inconsistent.

Despite living in poverty and on limited resources, Mai Pathani’s zest for life was alive. She celebrated Eid with her neighbors and relatives in the village with enthusiasm not knowing the day to follow would leave her house and her village under water. Mai Pathani and the rest of the villagers were completely unaware of the coming rains when all of a sudden heavy showers started pouring in and within minutes flood water had entered the village.

The residents of Nehal Chachar were informed by authorities that the water level in their village would not rise and they could stay in the village without any worry. There had not been any major flooding in the area since 2010 so the villagers were quite confident about the safety of their village. However, on the night of 18th July, 2015, following Eid day, heavy showers of rain lasted the whole day with water overflowing from Indus River entering the village and submerging it completely. Mai Pathani’s family among many other villagers rushed to leave the flooded Nehal Chachar in the midst of the night. By this time the flood waters had risen up to five feet inside their homes.

Khawand Buksh’s limited income did not allow him to afford renting a boat to carry his family members along with their household essentials out of their plummeting village to the emergency evacuation area at Qadir Pur Band. Inevitably, the family took the risk of sailing out of the village on a large sized frying pan despite the continuing heavy rains and strong winds. Buksh’s family had used the same transport method to float out of their village during the 2010 floods as well. It took them almost an hour to reach the Loop Bund via the frying pan.

Watching an entire family floating in just a frying pan surrounded by nothing but water was quite terrifying for onlookers. However many could not see how Mai Pathani’s family was barely floating economically and socially as well. The family did not own any land or any sustainable assets to ensure their dietary sustenance. To add on, barbers and their families are often socially marginalized in communities in this area; the rigid class system denies such families an equal right to education and participation in social and political spheres.

Mai Pathani’s house and their preserved stock of 480 kgs of wheat had been washed away by the floods. Agricultural and domestic assets of other villagers who often supported their family were also destroyed. Temporarily living at a shelter in Qadirpur Bund, Khawand Buksh sometimes travels to the nearby town to find some clients for his barber service. If fortunate to find clients, he earns PKR 50 a day.   Earning this amount and sharing the meal bought by it with other affected families means that his own family hardly consumes a nutritional meal. The family is desperately struggling to make ends meet.

Previously when the floods had not yet hit this peaceful village, Mai Pathani’s family at least took two meals in a day; both the meals consisted of either pulses or vegetables but were sufficient for their family.  Since the advent of the floods however, the family’s meals reduced to one a day as pulses and vegetables were scarcely available.  Being a woman and coming from a socially marginalized background, the floods and the ensuing displacement has exposed Mai Pathani to not just apparent risks as food insecurity but also to many protection issues.

Being in a displaced setting, Mai Pathani and her two adolescent daughters have to wait the whole day to use the temporary constructed latrines.  They have to wait till its dark and there are no men around the latrine area. Pathani and Buksh’s youngest son used to attend school but since the village was hit by the floods, his education has been put on hold too. As a responsible mother and a devoted wife, Mai Pathani’s hardship and sacrifices do not end here. She first feeds her seven children and her husband and eats only if there is any food left over after they have consumed their meal.

Mai Pathani’s family was among the affected communities supported by Community World Service Asia’s Emergency Humanitarian assistance project for Floods Response in Gotkhi last month. She expressed that the food assistance by the organization has made a positive (suthu) impact on their lives. Before the emergency assistance was provided to them, the family only got to eat rice twice a week if lucky.  Whereas since the support from Community World Service Asia, they are eating rice more often in a week. The quantity and quality of their daily meals has since then improved as well. Now they have more supply of pulses and wheat bread which makes up a more nutritional meal for the family.

The Buksh family, more popularly known as “the floating family” now hope to return to their village and their home within the next two weeks. They are hoping the flood water levels will recede by then.  The committed Mai Pathani plans to help her husband in reconstructing their house once they return to their village. They are optimistic that they will reconstruct the house after a month once the land is fully dry. Though, belonging to a socially marginalized family, Mai Pathani and her husband do not have very high hopes for a drastic change in their life after returning home.

While other villagers will start sowing seeds in their crop fields, the floating family will wait for the harvest of the other farmers to share a small portion of their crop produce with them in return of Khawand Buksh’s barber services. Till then, Mai Pathani worries about the availability of sufficient food for her children. The worried mother envisages that if her children, including daughters, were equipped with some skills they would not have to depend entirely on the crop yields of others. Instead the family would earn and provide for themselves living in their own village.

Written By: Muhammad Fazil, Edited By: Palwashay Arbab

Community World Service Asia celebrated International Literacy Day with the community in Thatta.  Supported by Christian Aid, we have opened two adult literacy centers in which 100 women are enrolled, and are learning to read on write using phonetic methodologies. Raj bai, an adult literacy student, shared that she will become an “educational partner” of her children following the completion of the course, while Fayyaz, a fourth grade student, shared, “I will struggle for the enrolment of other children in my school as well, and I will make it true that my village becomes 100% literate.”  We hope to continue working with the community in Thatta to make Fayyaz’s dream a reality!

Photographs were taken by our Thatta team as an assignment of the in-house photography training follow up.

A flood affected family and their house in Gotkhi, Sindh

Assistance to flood affected communities in Sindh and Punjab

 “Rains continues as the number of affected people crossed 1.5 million figure Across Pakistan”

 8th September 2015

Background

The flood emergency in Pakistan has affected the lives, livelihood and health of hundreds of communities across the country. The rains that started in the third week of July this year continued with short intervals. The heavy showers of rain coupled with glacial melts that led to lake outbursts created havoc among the communities living along the river beds in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KPK), Punjab and Sindh Provinces. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) latest update, the number of affected people has crossed the 1.5 million figures and still counting. Sindh remained the worse affected of all the provinces as the number of affected people in Sindh province alone is reported to be under a million. So far 1,529,189 people have been affected leading to 220 deaths and 189 injuries.

The prevailing high temperatures in northern areas combined with rainfall may trigger flash floods in Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral which is further expected to result in heavy inflows into the local rivers and streams of northern areas. Owing to the current meteorological conditions, the Sindh province being on the tail end of the country is most vulnerable to further damage as all the water from the glacier melts, rains and floods is expected to flow south.

Impact of the Floods:

Sindh:  Seven districts and around 3,157 villages have been affected by the floods in Sindh so far. The affected districts in Sindh include Kashmore, Gothki, Shikarpur, Khairpur, Sukur, Qambar Shahdadkot and Sujawal (Thatta). In Sindh alone 958,694 people have been affected and the number is still increasing as the low lying areas are now receiving flood waters flowing in from the upper parts of the country. Due to the geographical situation of the Sujawal (Thatta) district, the area is expected to receive more flood water and more villages of the district are expected to be affected in the coming days.

Punjab: At least 58 people have died and 11 are reported to be injured due to heavy rains and flood emergency in the Punjab Province. A total of 586 villages in Mianwali, Layyah, DG Khan, Rajanpur, Rahimyarkhan and Muzaffargarh districts are inundated by the floods. In total, 463,902 people have been reported to be affected in the province. Rajanpur is declared as the most affected district in Punjab where the local government declared emergency for urgent relief. A total of 256,000 people have been affected by floods in three Tehsils of district Rajanpur where there is a huge need of clean drinking water and sanitation along with hygiene promotion.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK): Fourteen districts have been affected by the floods in KPK whereas 102 people have reportedly died and 108 injured. A reported 3,977 houses have been damaged of which 684 have been completely destroyed. The affected districts in KPK include Abbotabad, Bannu, Batagram, Charsadda, Chitral, DI Khan, Hangu, Karak, Kohat, Lakki Marwat, Mansehra, Peshawar, Swat and Shangla.

Gilgit-Baltistan:

Diamer, Gilgit, Ghizar, Ghanche, Skardu and Hunza districts in this region have been reported to be severely damaged. A total of 286 villages and 812 houses are reported damaged as a result of rains, landslides and flashfloods. This has left seven people dead and an overall 35,717 people affected.  A number of roads and connecting bridges have also been washed away that have left many villages disconnected from the urban centres.

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK):

Districts Sudhnoti, Neelam, Havaili and Bhimber of AJK have been reported to be severely affected by the recent rains and flash floods which have resulted in the death of 26 people, damaged 17 villages and 408 houses completely.

Baluchistan: Heavy rainfall, windstorm and the resulting floods in districts Zhob, Musakhel, Killa Saifullah, Kohlu and Dera Bugti of Baluchistan has damaged flood protection bunds, electric poles, roads and has uprooted many trees and plantations. The floods have also caused ruptures at various points in the protection bunds and has claimed four lives so far. A total of 16 people have died so far while 34 others have been reported injured. On the whole, 69,976 people are affected in this province and 1,176 houses damaged.

FATA: A reported 11 people have died and 13 have been injured in Khyber and Mohamand agencies of Federally Administered Tribal Areas due to the floods. A total of 424 houses and 19 villages have been damaged across the FATA region which has resulted in affecting around 900 people.

Pakistan ACT Forum Response:

Community World Service Asia has started responding in two districts of Ghotki and Sujawal to the recent flood crisis in Sindh Province. Under its planned assistance, 3,223 flood affected families have been assisted with one month food rations. As per the findings of the assessment of Community World Service Asia team, a number of districts in Sindh are already affected and thousands of more are displaced who are in dire need of food, non-food items (NFIs) and health assistance. The Community World Service Asia team is also assessing the additional emergency and early recovery needs of the communities.

NCA has started emergency response through its partner Sungi in Rajanpur (Punjab) to reach a total of 15,000 flood affected individuals by utilizing their own of 600,000 NOK, The interventions will be carried out in UC jahanpur, UC Hajipur and UC noorpur in Rajanpur district. NCA has installed two water treatment units and have started to deliver water to 10,000 individuals. The Third water treatment unit will be installed and operational by end of this week and water will be transported though water trucks which is expected to fulfill the water needs of an additional 5000 individuals. NCA has its own WASH stock that includes 4000 jerry cans, 93000 aqua tabs and 857 emergency hygiene kits that will be distributed in community.

NCA Pakistan also plans to reach 4,500 individuals through WASH by utilizing ACT appeal grant of 60,000 USD starting from 15th of September 2015 and will end on 15th of February 2016. Through ACT appeal NCA will be reaching to same individuals in areas of their origin. The interventions will include construction of 100 improved sanitation facilities, installation and rehabilitation of 45 hand pumps, distribution of 100 hygiene kits and hygiene promotion.

For more information on the appeal, please refer to the following links:

ACT Appeal Pak 151
Funding Status

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma

Deputy Director – Disaster Management Program

Community World Service Asia

allan@cwspa.org.pk

Cell: +92 301 5801621

James John

Deputy Country Representative

Norwegian Church Aid (NCA)

Email: james.john@nca.no

Cell: +92 345 8551289

 

Photo Credit: NRC/Farzana Wahidy

Overall situation: Based on the recent report of UNHCR, the conflict-induced internal displacement in the North, North East and Eastern regions of Afghanistan increased rapidly in the last two months. It is estimated that during the first six months of 2015 more than 21,500 families and 139,000 IDPs were profiled as newly displaced, of which approximately 18,850 families and 103,000 individuals were reported to have been displaced during the course of 2015. The later figures represent an increase of between 40% and 43.5% compared with the same period in 2014.

Conflict-induced displacement continues to be largely triggered by Anti Governmental elements (AGEs) ground offensives and by The Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) counteroffensives, often through large-scale military operations, including aerial bombardments. More recently, and on a more localized level in Eastern region, displacement has also been triggered by clashes between non-State armed opposition groups. In several situations, no party in the conflict appears able to capitalize on and hold territorial gains made over time. As a result, the frontlines and control over areas rapidly shifts, causing swift population movements and rapid displacement cycles that are increasingly difficult to track.

Based on current trends, conflict patterns, and mapping of traditional and new conflict hotspots, the IDP Task Forces in the regions have revised upwards the earlier projections for conflict-induced displacement in 2015, particularly for the Northern and North-Eastern regions. Present estimates suggest that by the end of the year, more than 48,500 families and 324,000 individuals may become displaced, which would make 2015 one of the worst years for conflict-induced displacement in Afghanistan since 2002. During the months of June and July, 21 out of 34 Provinces in Afghanistan have been affected by forced movements of population due to conflict.

Political developments, particularly the recently-announced death of Taliban leader Mullah Omar and the future of the peace negotiations, may also negatively impact displacement trends in the remaining months of 2015 as allegiances shift and different factions vie for regional power and influence.

Additionally these provinces have been affected by floods in 2015 especially the Kunduz, Baghlan, Takhar, and Nangarhar provinces, which resulted in the loss of food and other livelihood assets.

Kunduz Province: Kunduz Province currently remains one of the most fragile environments in Afghanistan, as the conflict between AOGs and Afghan National Security Forces is still going on in different districts/parts of Kunduz since April/May of 2015.  In May, most of the conflict was in Iman-shahib, Gultipa and some other parts of the province, which caused displacement of thousands of families from Gultepa, Alchin, Telawka, Bozi Qandari, and Hazrat Sultan area of Kunduz district, Qala-e-Zal, Dasht-e-Archi, Chardarah, Aliabad and other districts of Kunduz province.  Most of the displaced communities moved to the Provincial capital of Kunduz and to other semi urban areas of the city.  IDPs in this region were assisted with Food, NFIs, WASH, Health and other services by UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, NRC, SCI, Community World Services Asia and other humanitarian organizations.

As the conflict continues and has moved to other districts  of the province, a second wave of the IDPs have emerged. Based on the recent Cluster update, about 5840 additional families have been displaced to Kunduz city and its semi urban areas from Chardara, Qala-i-Zal, Aliabad, Dashte Archi and Khan Abad districts. Others have moved to the capital city of Takhar province and its semi urban areas. The IDPs have filed their petitions for assistance to the DoRR (Directorate of Refugees and Repatriation) and their eligibility assessment in the urban and semi-urban areas of Kunduz, which are accessible to the IDP Task Force members is going on, as most of them have not received assistance. The number of IDPs in Kunduz is increasing rapidly as the military operation between AOG and ANSF is continuing in different part of the province. The recent clashes have resulted in civilian casualties, widespread damages to the people’s properties and crops ready for harvest.

As some of the areas are not accessible due to security reasons and due to the ongoing, UNHCR and the IDP taskforce members have asked for Future developments in the conflict dynamics. They have suggested the control of the Kunduz Province to be factored in the plans of the humanitarian actors in order to address humanitarian needs in all areas and uphold humanitarian principles more firmly.

Takhar Province: Military operation started in the first week of July in Khuja Ghar district of Takhar Province, with intense clashes and quick shifting of territorial controls between parties in conflict. This provoked multiple movements of population, within Khuja Ghar District and towards Baharak, Taloqan and Dashte-Qala districts of Takhar. Additional conflicts in the Kunduz province districts (i.e. Khanabad district) have caused more displacement of communities in Takhar province as some of insecure districts of Kunduz province are bordering with the Takshan Province.

The assessment teams undertook the assessment throughout the month of July. Presently, 1,475 families are reported to be identified by the joint assessment team as eligible to assistance out of some 2,600 families visited. The assessment teams are now covering an additional group of population in Dashti Qala district of Takhar and the total number of identified IDPs in Takhar may eventually exceed the 1,600 families.

The IDPs have been able to bring along some of their belongings along but food security is a major issue. In areas of displacement, most of the families were found in overcrowded accommodations. They expressed the intention to return as soon as the situation in their home towns improve. Many families have however also reported the destruction of their houses and livestock and the unfinished harvesting at the time of displacement.

Baghlan Province: Similar to the other Northern provinces, Baghlan is also termed as an insecure province since the last few years due to the inconsistent conflict reported between AOG and ANSF.  In the last week of August, the conflict has however increased and ANSF has initiated a military operation in Dandi Ghuri area of Pulikhumir district and in Dahani Ghuri districts. This has caused massive displacement of people and according to the DoRR report, 3194 petitions of IDPs have been received. OCHA and UNHCR with the support of the IDP taskforce member organizations are planning to conduct assistance eligibility assessment survey, to identify the most vulnerable IDPs. The report stated that at least 50% of the above mentioned IDPs were eligible for assistance. 2904 families from the mentioned IDPs (3194 families) are displaced to Poli Khumri City, 220 families to Hussainkhail and Zamankhail villages of Poli Khumri city and the rest of 70 families to Baghi Shamal area of Poli Khumri.

As per the recent meetings and UNHCR field team report, the humanitarian response in Baghlan province remains a gap due to the low presence of humanitarian actors in the province and their pre-involvement in other IDP emergency responses in other provinces.

Other Areas in the North and North East:

Faryab Province: Due to multiple clashes between AOG and ANSF, armed hostilities and the unstable security situation in Qaisar, Almar, Pashtunkot and Sharin Tagab districts of Faryab Province, a displacement of around 5700 families to the relatively secure neighboring villages have resulted. These families have moved to district centers, relatively secure villages, urban and semi urban areas of Maymana (provincial capital) and to Khuja Sabs Posh (KSP) district. As of now, 1,216 families have qualified for assistance and the assessment of the rest of families is still going on. UNHCR and WFP are mobilizing resources to cover the needs of the displaced populations in Faryab.

Badakhshan Province:   Displacements of hundreds of families to Warduj district center and to Baharak district from Badakshan province has taken place. 160 families have been identified as eligible for assistance will soon receive assistance.  The taskforce members are planning another assessment for the newly displaced families.

Sar-i-Pul Province: During the last week of July, the Kohestanat district of Sar-i-Pul Provinces was taken over by AGE (Anti Government elements) which resulted in the displacement of 500-680 families to  Sar-i-Pul and Sayad district center. A joint assessment team has been formed with the participation of Save the Children to conduct the eligibility assessment of these communities.

Balkh Province: The Balkh province being the regional center/capital, has received IDPs from most of the Northern provinces as a result of the growing instability in the region, additional to its insecure districts, especially from Faryab, Sar-i-Pul and Samangan provinces. Currently the local authorities has reported he tpresence of 480 families, while the number IDPs is increasing from Kunduz as well. During the last few months only 140 families were assisted by the IDP taskforce members.  A Joint team has been mobilized to assess the situation and the reported petitions.

Eastern Region: Based on the recent reports of UNHCR, as significant instability is foreseen in this region due to multiple factors; including military offensive against AGEs hideouts, spill over insecurity from Pakistan FATA (cross-border shelling), AGEs intimidation against local population, including individual and family threats against serving members of ANA/ ANSF, and to a lesser extent tribal disputes. The reported presence of groups paying allegiance to IS/ Daesh is a new factor emerging in some of the volatile and bordering districts of Nangarhar (Deh Bala, Achin, Spin Ghar, Kot, Bati Kot, Khogyani, Chaparhar and Pachir Agam). It is foreseen that this can increase the internal displacement figures further. Trends are already visible since May.

Nangarhar province (especially its capital Jalalabad city) being one of the top host provinces for receiving Afghan returnees from Pakistan especially in 2015. It additionally received conflict induced IDPs from neighboring provinces as Laghman, Kunar and Nuristan further to the continuous influx of IDPs from its remote districts bordering Khyber Agency in FATA, notably Kot and Achin. Families are settling in Jalalabad, Behsud, Rodat and Shurkhrod districts, but also in the neighboring rural districts close to Achin.

Authorities have received and submitted some 106 petitions to the IDP Task Force filed by 1,684 families originating from Kot district of the province and 31 petitions at the beginning of July listing 1,847 families displaced from Achin district so far.

Until now humanitarian teams have reached out to some 1,258 families and 8,571 individuals from Mamand valley of Achin and from other villages of the same district. Most of the families have been assessed and assisted by the ICRC/ARCS in major areas of displacement in Ghani Khel. 1,073 families have received food and NFIs during the last week of July. As for the IDP Task forces activities, the remaining families was have been recommended for food, NFI or unconditional cash assistance.

Displacement in the Nangarhar province is likely to continue from the areas bordering Pakistan FATA (Nazyan, Achin, Dehbala, Dub Baba), largely due to counter insurgency operations and clashes ANSF/ AGEs and due to the harassments and pressure by AGEs. In addition, presence and action of groups paying allegiance to IS/ Daesh might trigger new displacements. From Kot, Bati Kot, Achin, Deh Bala, Khogyani, Chaparhar and Pachir Agam, communities are largely directed to Jalalabad and surrounding districts since May. Nangarhar provincial capital is likely to remain the main recipient of displaced communities from Laghman, Kunar and Nuristan.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia is closely monitoring the situation and planning its response to provide urgent needs (Food, NFI, health and hygiene) of Conflict induced IDPs in Provincial cities and semi urban areas of Kunduz and Baghlan provinces in north, and in Nangarhar Province in east of the country, because of the following reasons:

Kunduz: Kunduz has a high number of conflict induced IDPs and the humanitarian organizations that are currently involved in response  are called on by the IDP taskforce member organizations, to mobilize more resources in order to reach to the most urgent needs of IDPs especially food, NFI, health and hygiene. Community World Service Asia, with financial support from Church of Sweden, has been providing monthly rations of food packages to conflict-affected families in Kunduz. It has an established presence in Kunduz with operational office and teams and can immediately respond to the urgent need of scaling up assistance in food and starting activities for support in NFIs, health and hygiene awareness.

Baghlan: As presence of humanitarian actors is very low in the province, it is vital to respond to the urgent needs of IDPs as it has received quite a significant number of conflict induced IDPs in the last few weeks. Community world service Asia can easily manage the emergency response from its Kunduz office as Baghlan is located only about 50Km from Kunduz capital city.

Nangarhar: Considering the current number of conflict induced IDPs, there has been a forecast predicting an increase in the number of IDPs in the province due to ongoing military operations, cross-border shelling from FATA areas of Pakistan and violence by groups alleging with  IS/ Daesh. Community World Service Asia has an operational office in Jalalabad city of Nangrhar province to be able to easily respond to the urgent needs of Conflict induced IDPs in urban and semi urban areas of Jalalabad city.

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Nejabat Khan Safi
Associate Director
Returnees and IDPs
Email: nejabat.safi@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +93 799 326 628