Since mid-March 2013, more than 79,000 people have been registered after being forced to flee from their villages in Tirah Valley/ Khyber Agency, which borders Orakzai and Kurram agencies of the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA), as the result of heavy clashes between militant groups. An additional estimated 60,000 individuals, of whom approximately 51,500 registered, have been displaced since mid-May from Para-Chamkani in central Kurram Agency due to military operations against non-state actors. Food, shelter, safe drinking water, and health care support are their top priorities, with assessment data and observation reports also indicating significant protection needs.
The Pakistani Government, through national and provincial disaster management authorities, and international humanitarian organizations are providing assistance to all registered IDPs comprising of food, relief items, and critical life saving services although security and funding concerns are affecting the response. Humanitarian partners have not been able to conduct assessment of the needs of the IDPs due to security and movement restrictions. Ninety percent of the IDPs are living with host communities, while 10 percent are living in Jalozai, New Durrani, and Togh Sarai camps.
More than 1 million people are now currently registered in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and FATA due to insecurity dating back to 2008 and require continued humanitarian assistance. Currently 87% of IDPs from Kurram Agency are living in off-camp locations, 29,687 displaced children require education services, 23,253 families from the Tirah Valley and Kurram Agency have received food rations as of June 3, 2013, 13,294 malnourished children have so far benefitted from the nutrition activities. Families staying in camps require more tents while off-camp families need rental support and both of them require non food items.
These 1 million individuals constitute approximately 20% of the population in Pakistan that requires assistance due to one of several ongoing humanitarian emergencies. For another 1.3 million individuals who returned to their homeland in FATA after months or years of displacement require immediate relief assistance for food and other necessities as well as support for livelihood and infrastructure restoration. Approximately 1.5 million individuals still require assistance following the damages caused during the 2012 monsoon season, and 1.6 million Afghan refugees also require basic needs support and livelihood opportunities.
CWS-P/A is identifying the most vulnerable off-camp IDPs from Tirah Valley currently residing in Kohat. Food packages are in the process of procurement and will soon be distributed to 2,000 families. This response is made possible with support from DanChurchAid (DCA) under the ACT Appeal PAK 131.
Last week in Mashkel, Balochistan, CWS-P/A and its implementing partner SERVE Foundation distributed food packages, designed according to the Sphere standards, to 260 families severely affected during the April 2013 earthquake along the Pakistan-Iran border. This activity was made possible with financial support from United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) and CWS, Inc.
In Jacobabad, Sindh, with the financial support of Canadian Foodgrains Bank (CFGB) through Presbyterian World Service and Development (PWS&D), the first round of food package distribution to 4,000 most vulnerable 2012 flood-affected families is currently underway. CWS-P/A intends to assist these families with four months of food packages. Rice seeds distribution to the same families is also in process, which will assist in restoring their agricultural livelihoods.