Situation Update: Pakistan Floods 2014: Estimated Losses and their Impact

Situation Update: Pakistan Floods 2014: Estimated Losses and their Impact

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Estimating losses

Estimates from the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) caused by floods in Pakistan which made way in early September and caused devastation in provinces including Punjab, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Sindh are indicated in the table below:

Deaths

Injured

Affected population

Damaged houses

Affected villages

Affected Crops (acres)

Cattle Perished

360

646

2,523,681

56,644

4,065

2,416,558

8,957

Overall losses to Pakistan’s economy could be 14 – 15 million USD as per estimates made by the ministries of national food security and research, finance, and some economic experts.

The Sindh forest department recently said around 40,000 acres of forest area is likely to submerge in water as a result of the present floods. Recent news sources further said that estimated high flows of 700,000 to 800,000 cusecs downstream in Guddu during floods are needed for reforestation in the riverine areas. The riverine forests act as natural barriers against dykes, avert soil erosion, and break the speed of flood waters. At present, Sindh’s barrages have low to medium flood levels.

An estimated 43% of food stock in flood-affected areas has been washed away. According to draft findings in an UN-led multi-sector initial rapid assessment (MIRA) carried out in five districts including Mandi Bahauddin, Hafizabad, Chiniot, Jhang, and Multan, around 1,547 kilometers of road or 38% of roads were inundated by floodwater.

Last week, heavy downpours and hailstorms caused destruction in different parts of Shangla. A rainstorm hit the district on Tuesday night and rain continued until the early hours of Wednesday. The rains ruined acres of corn crops, hundreds of fruit trees, and orchards. Many houses in Alpuri, Chakesar, Shah Pur, Damorai, Poran, Bailay Baba, and Karora were partially destroyed.

Long-term impacts

Punjab known as the country’s food basket has been severely affected by the floods. The strain on food supplies from damages to crops and livestock is expected to adversely impact the earnings of poor farming families.

The damage to homes and infrastructure is also a colossal loss. For poor families affected by the floods, rebuilding homes remains an uphill challenge given present inflation and lost livelihood opportunities.

Health concerns are another prevailing challenge. Stagnant water in the affected areas is likely to exacerbate severe health issues along with dengue and other water-borne diseases. The World Health Organization’s health situation report states an increase in acute respiratory infections (ARI), diarrhea, and skin diseases among affected communities. At the same time, damage to roads and infrastructure limit access to information and health services.

Timely assistance

Long-term assistance through cash-for-work schemes, livestock and livelihood restoration, and job opportunities are needed to ensure a better recovery for affected families. Most recently, the government decided to host a donors’ conference to secure the assistance of international lending agencies for rehabilitation and reconstruction in parts of the country devastated by the floods. This decision to seek help was taken on Tuesday during the third meeting to review the damages caused by floods and subsequent rescue and relief work.

CWS-P/A Response:

CWS-P/A completed the distribution of food and NFIs to 424 families (3,138 individuals) in Bagh District and Haveli District in Azad Kashmir. Immediate health assistance benefited 793 people in Azad Kashmir and six health sessions reached a total of 94 community members. All distributed items are based on Sphere standards and designed to meet the average-sized family’s (7-8 members) needs. This distribution is made possible through financial contributions from ACT members, United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR), Christian Aid (CA) and Primate’s World Relief and Development Fund (PWRDF).

The full ACT Appeal has been launched by ACT forum members including CWS-P/A and NCA. Under this Appeal, CWS-P/A aims to assist 2,924 families with food items for two months, 2,424 families with non-food items, 400 shelter kits, and 4,000 families with health assistance in six districts of Azad Kashmir and in two districts of Punjab which requires immediate support to ensure timely assistance to affected families.

Mobilization efforts have engaged village organizations (VOs) in Thatta District and Sujawal District. The VOs have pre-positioned their teams to actively respond in case of possible floods with evacuation and safety measures. They have gathered their necessary documents, emergency kits, and other resources provided through CWS-P/A’s project. Safety messages have also been disseminated along with emergency contact numbers to community members.

Furthermore, quality and accountability will be enhanced through capacity building initiatives for aid workers and for affected communities in accessing accountable aid services. A complaints response mechanism is in place to encourage communities to launch complaints if necessary during interventions. CWS-P/A continues to monitor the situation in other parts of the country and subjected to the need, will expand its operations to other affected regions.

CWS-P/A continues to monitor the situation in other parts of the country and subjected to the need, will expand its operations to other affected regions.

Source:

http://tribune.com.pk/

www.ndma.gov.pk/

www.dawn.com

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