Situation Update: “Complex Emergency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA”

Situation Update: “Complex Emergency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA”

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Background:

In March 2013, renewed fighting between two groups of non state actors resulted in displacement of at least 17,140 families into different parts of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) i.e. Peshawar, Kohat, Hangu, FR Peshawar, FR Kohat and Khyber, Nowshera, Kurram and Orakzai agencies. The Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) and FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) requested the humanitarian community to provide immediate life-saving support for the affected people. From March 29 – May 6, 2013, approximately 17,140 families have been registered by UNHCR and partners, in New Durrani and Jarma (Kohat) registration and assistance hubs. Registration was then closed for the election period. The majority of the displaced population fled to Kurram Agency; Orakzai Agency, Nowshera, Kohat, Hangu, Frontier Region (FR) Peshawar, and Khyber Agency. Six percent of the displaced populations are residing in camps (Jalozai Camp 87 families and New Durrani Camp 1,010 families).

Many of these families fled rapidly and with no belongings.  Affected families reported leaving vulnerable family members along the route of displacement, as they were physically unable to carry them further. A number of people suffered injuries trekking through the mountains to escape the area, and a number of reports indicate critical psychosocial needs, in particular among the children and women.

The government provided cooked food, primary healthcare, and transportation to the affected population during the initial displacement. The authorities have estimated that the total displacement could rise to 20,000 families (120,000 people). The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) requested the humanitarian community for immediate life-saving humanitarian assistance including both household assistance packages (food, tents, support to livestock, and Non-Food Items (NFIs), with particular attention to the needs of vulnerable groups) and the provision of basic services (such as WASH, health, nutrition and, education). Currently, World Food Programme (WFP) is providing them with food ration while Sarhad Rural Support Program (SRSP) is providing them with NFI packages.

The vast majorities of the displaced (94%) are located off camp and continue to live with other IDPs, or with hosting families. Although partners are providing some critical services in and outside camps to cater to the needs of the IDPs, who lack adequate food, shelter, basic relief items, health care and clean water, the lack of confirmation of their locations presents an ongoing challenge in providing assistance during the emergency.

CWS-P/A Response:

CWS-P/A through its local partner SEED is currently collecting data on the most marginalized, vulnerable and un-served IDP families from Tirah valley currently settled in off-camp localities in Kohat. CWS-P/A intends to provide support to 2,000 families with food & NFIs.