Situation Updates

Eq 2015 Sit Update 2

The extent of reported damages due to the 26th October Earthquake has increased since yesterday as the information from previously cut off areas have started pouring in. According to the latest information received, 382 people have died in different areas of quake stricken Pakistan and Afghanistan with 2,368 people injured and thousands left without shelter and livelihoods.

The overall damages from the two countries is expected to increase as more information starts arriving from areas that are still inaccessible due to landslides, road damages and disrupted communication networks.

According to the initial findings of the needs assessment teams of Community World Service Asia, the earthquake affected communities are in dire need of food support, winter kits, emergency health assistance and nonfood items. The affected communities have lost their homes, their belongings, food stocks, kitchen utensils but are somehow surviving in the freezing temperatures in northern parts of both the countries. Health concerns are expected to arise if immediate needs of the affected populations are not met soon, hence speedy emergency response initiatives need to be taken.

Pakistan: Five of the provinces in Pakistan, including AJK and FATA region have been affected by the recent earthquake. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa being the most affected province, has reached a death toll of 220, leaving 1,688 people injured.

Affected provinces in Pakistan No. of Casualties Injured Houses Damaged
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) 220 1,688 10,586
FATA 30 59 300
Gilgit Baltistan 10 31 436
Punjab 5 78 60
Azad Jammu & Kashmir 2 12 6
Total 267 1,868 11,388

The Education Department of KPK reported that almost around 813 schools in nine of the affected districts in the province are extensively or partially damaged.

In the Malakand district of KPK province, earthquake survivors are facing harsh weather conditions due to unavailability of shelters. These communities have no proper covered living space to protect them from the cold which have restricted their day to day and livelihood activities. Protection from the cold climate to maintain the families’ privacy, safety and health are of vital need currently.

As aftershocks of the earthquake have continued to strike the affected regions, communities are reluctant to go inside their houses due to the fear of another deadly earthquake and are forced to spend their nights in open air.

According to the National Seismic Monitoring center, 41 aftershocks have so far been recorded since the 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck on Monday October 26th and has warned of more aftershocks. Moreover, the earthquake has not only led to the destruction of built structures or landslides but has also caused two glaciers in Karakorum to break into pieces while cracking many more glaciers in the Hunza valley. Officials have warned that the breaking of more glaciers could lead to a flood-like situation in the valley. The quake aftershocks could cause these glaciers to melt and the water released may result in the formation of more artificial lakes in the area.

Afghanistan: A total of 12 provinces in the country have been affected by the two day old earthquake. These include Badakhshan, Balkh Kabul, Kunar, Kunduz, Laghman, Nangarhar, Nuristan, Parwan, Samanjan and Takhar.

According to the latest information, 115 people are reported to have lost their lives while 500 people are left injured due to the devastating earthquake. Information is still to be received from areas that are still cut off due to damaged communication networks in the country. A total of 2,135 houses have been reported damaged across the country so far.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia’s emergency response teams have started assessments in Shangla, Kohistan, Buner, Malakand and Swat districts in Pakistan while assessment in Badakhshan, Laghman, Kunar and Nangarhar in Afghanistan is to be initiated in the following days. Need assessments in Pakistan are being carried out in close coordination with the district authorities and other relevant stakeholders.

Initial information from the affected areas have started coming in from our field staff which has revealed that the affected communities are in dire need of emergency food aid, winterization support, health and NFI provision immediately. These needs are to be followed by further recovery interventions. Community World Service Asia is planning to start assisting the affected communities instantly with food aid and emergency health services in district Shangla. Depending on the availability of funds, the response will be further extended to other areas.

Please follow our live photo updates from the earthquake affected areas on our facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/communityworldserviceasia/ .

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Muhammad Fazal
Associate Director
Emergencies/DRR/Climate Change

Email: fazil.sardar@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 332 5586134

Nejabat Khan Safi
Associate Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: nejabat.safi@communitryworldservice.asia
Mobile: +93 799 326 628

Palwashay Arbab
Head of Communications
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources:
http://www.ndma.gov.pk/new/
http://www.andma.gov.af/

Intense Armed conflict between Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and Armed Opposition Groups (AOGs) has led to large-scale displacement in Kunduz, Takhar, Kunar, Sari-pul and Nangarhar provinces of Afghanistan. The currently affected areas were already hosting IDPs from other areas but with the recent crisis; those IDPs are displaced again and will also have to move along with the local people. The number of IDPs is increasing as the government of Afghanistan has also announced the continual of the military operation.

Based on UNHCR’s recent report, the conflict-induced internal displacement in the North, North East and Eastern regions of Afghanistan has increased in the last two months. As of UNOCHA’s recent report number approximately 10,000 families are displaced within the Northeast.

Present estimates suggest that by the end of the year, more than 48,500 families / 324,000 individuals may become displaced, which would make 2015 one of the worst years for conflict-induced displacement in Afghanistan since 2002. During the months June and July, 21 out of 34 Provinces in Afghanistan have been affected by forced movements of population due to conflict.

Kunduz Province: A rapidly deteriorating humanitarian situation is reported in the city.  In May crisis in Khan Abad, Imam-shahib, Gultipa and some other parts of the province caused the displacement of thousands of families from Gultepa, Alchin, Telawka, Bozi Qandari, Hazrat Sultan, Qala-e-Zal, Dasht-e-Archi, Chardarah, Aliabad and other districts of Kuduz province. The families have been displaced to Kunduz Provincial Capital city and to some semi urban areas of the city.

As of the most recently, people started to flee from the city and most of the people moved to the villages in the adjacent districts of Aliabad, Chardarah, Emam saheb, Khanabad and some have moved south via Baghlan province to Kabul. Many families fleeing from Kunduz are moving towards Kabul. As per voice of America, 6,000 families have been displaced so far in Kunduz only. The recent clashes have also resulted in civilian casualties, people lost their crops which were ready to harvest and these fights have damaged their properties too.  Lack of relief services in Kunduz city is a major concern right now. WHO reported that emergency medical services and stocks of food are needed urgently. In Kunduz City water and electricity is cut off in many places.

Takhar Province: Intense clashes and quick shifting of territorial control between parties in conflict has provoked multiple displacements of people in Khuja Ghar District,  Baharak, Taloqan and Dashte-Qala districts of Takhar. A major conflict in the bordering districts of Kunduz and Takhar province has also caused displacement of population from Kunduz to Takhar. Sunatullah Taimour, spokesman of Takhar governor, told Pajhwok Afghan News that more than 6,000 families from Kunduz have moved to Taluqan, Baharak, Farkhar, Warsaj and Kalafgan districts.

In the areas of displacement, most of the families are living in crowded conditions and shared accommodations. They expressed the intention to return as soon as the situation improves. However, their houses and livelihoods have been totally destroyed. Shelter and food are needed for the displaced communities.

Nangarhar: Nangarhar province (especially Jalalabad city) has a large number of Afghan returnees from Pakistan. It also has a large population of conflict induced IDPs residing there from neighboring provinces like Laghman, Kunar, and Nuristan and also has a continuous influx of IDPs from remote districts particularly from Kot and Achin. Families are settling in Jalalabad, Behsud, Rodat and Shurkhrod districts, and also in the neighboring rural districts close to Achin. Nangarhar provincial capital is likely to remain the main receiver of displaced people from Laghman, Kunar and Nuristan provinces.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia has been responding to the needs of IDPs in Kunduz Province providing monthly food package for two months with the support of the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR). Direct contact with stakeholders in the affected areas, including local government, partners and those assisted during the recent response has been established. We are closely monitoring the situation and will plan a response based on the needs and gaps identified.

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Muhammad Fazal
Associate Director
Emergencies/DRR/Climate Change
Email: fazil.sardar@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 332 5586134

Palwashay Arbab
Senior Communications Officer
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources: http://www.thefrontierpost.com/article/339814//
Voice of America
UNOCHA Afghanistan

A flood affected family and their house in Gotkhi, Sindh

Assistance to flood affected communities in Sindh and Punjab

 “Rains continues as the number of affected people crossed 1.5 million figure Across Pakistan”

 8th September 2015

Background

The flood emergency in Pakistan has affected the lives, livelihood and health of hundreds of communities across the country. The rains that started in the third week of July this year continued with short intervals. The heavy showers of rain coupled with glacial melts that led to lake outbursts created havoc among the communities living along the river beds in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KPK), Punjab and Sindh Provinces. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) latest update, the number of affected people has crossed the 1.5 million figures and still counting. Sindh remained the worse affected of all the provinces as the number of affected people in Sindh province alone is reported to be under a million. So far 1,529,189 people have been affected leading to 220 deaths and 189 injuries.

The prevailing high temperatures in northern areas combined with rainfall may trigger flash floods in Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral which is further expected to result in heavy inflows into the local rivers and streams of northern areas. Owing to the current meteorological conditions, the Sindh province being on the tail end of the country is most vulnerable to further damage as all the water from the glacier melts, rains and floods is expected to flow south.

Impact of the Floods:

Sindh:  Seven districts and around 3,157 villages have been affected by the floods in Sindh so far. The affected districts in Sindh include Kashmore, Gothki, Shikarpur, Khairpur, Sukur, Qambar Shahdadkot and Sujawal (Thatta). In Sindh alone 958,694 people have been affected and the number is still increasing as the low lying areas are now receiving flood waters flowing in from the upper parts of the country. Due to the geographical situation of the Sujawal (Thatta) district, the area is expected to receive more flood water and more villages of the district are expected to be affected in the coming days.

Punjab: At least 58 people have died and 11 are reported to be injured due to heavy rains and flood emergency in the Punjab Province. A total of 586 villages in Mianwali, Layyah, DG Khan, Rajanpur, Rahimyarkhan and Muzaffargarh districts are inundated by the floods. In total, 463,902 people have been reported to be affected in the province. Rajanpur is declared as the most affected district in Punjab where the local government declared emergency for urgent relief. A total of 256,000 people have been affected by floods in three Tehsils of district Rajanpur where there is a huge need of clean drinking water and sanitation along with hygiene promotion.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK): Fourteen districts have been affected by the floods in KPK whereas 102 people have reportedly died and 108 injured. A reported 3,977 houses have been damaged of which 684 have been completely destroyed. The affected districts in KPK include Abbotabad, Bannu, Batagram, Charsadda, Chitral, DI Khan, Hangu, Karak, Kohat, Lakki Marwat, Mansehra, Peshawar, Swat and Shangla.

Gilgit-Baltistan:

Diamer, Gilgit, Ghizar, Ghanche, Skardu and Hunza districts in this region have been reported to be severely damaged. A total of 286 villages and 812 houses are reported damaged as a result of rains, landslides and flashfloods. This has left seven people dead and an overall 35,717 people affected.  A number of roads and connecting bridges have also been washed away that have left many villages disconnected from the urban centres.

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK):

Districts Sudhnoti, Neelam, Havaili and Bhimber of AJK have been reported to be severely affected by the recent rains and flash floods which have resulted in the death of 26 people, damaged 17 villages and 408 houses completely.

Baluchistan: Heavy rainfall, windstorm and the resulting floods in districts Zhob, Musakhel, Killa Saifullah, Kohlu and Dera Bugti of Baluchistan has damaged flood protection bunds, electric poles, roads and has uprooted many trees and plantations. The floods have also caused ruptures at various points in the protection bunds and has claimed four lives so far. A total of 16 people have died so far while 34 others have been reported injured. On the whole, 69,976 people are affected in this province and 1,176 houses damaged.

FATA: A reported 11 people have died and 13 have been injured in Khyber and Mohamand agencies of Federally Administered Tribal Areas due to the floods. A total of 424 houses and 19 villages have been damaged across the FATA region which has resulted in affecting around 900 people.

Pakistan ACT Forum Response:

Community World Service Asia has started responding in two districts of Ghotki and Sujawal to the recent flood crisis in Sindh Province. Under its planned assistance, 3,223 flood affected families have been assisted with one month food rations. As per the findings of the assessment of Community World Service Asia team, a number of districts in Sindh are already affected and thousands of more are displaced who are in dire need of food, non-food items (NFIs) and health assistance. The Community World Service Asia team is also assessing the additional emergency and early recovery needs of the communities.

NCA has started emergency response through its partner Sungi in Rajanpur (Punjab) to reach a total of 15,000 flood affected individuals by utilizing their own of 600,000 NOK, The interventions will be carried out in UC jahanpur, UC Hajipur and UC noorpur in Rajanpur district. NCA has installed two water treatment units and have started to deliver water to 10,000 individuals. The Third water treatment unit will be installed and operational by end of this week and water will be transported though water trucks which is expected to fulfill the water needs of an additional 5000 individuals. NCA has its own WASH stock that includes 4000 jerry cans, 93000 aqua tabs and 857 emergency hygiene kits that will be distributed in community.

NCA Pakistan also plans to reach 4,500 individuals through WASH by utilizing ACT appeal grant of 60,000 USD starting from 15th of September 2015 and will end on 15th of February 2016. Through ACT appeal NCA will be reaching to same individuals in areas of their origin. The interventions will include construction of 100 improved sanitation facilities, installation and rehabilitation of 45 hand pumps, distribution of 100 hygiene kits and hygiene promotion.

For more information on the appeal, please refer to the following links:

ACT Appeal Pak 151
Funding Status

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma

Deputy Director – Disaster Management Program

Community World Service Asia

allan@cwspa.org.pk

Cell: +92 301 5801621

James John

Deputy Country Representative

Norwegian Church Aid (NCA)

Email: james.john@nca.no

Cell: +92 345 8551289

 

Photo Credit: NRC/Farzana Wahidy

Overall situation: Based on the recent report of UNHCR, the conflict-induced internal displacement in the North, North East and Eastern regions of Afghanistan increased rapidly in the last two months. It is estimated that during the first six months of 2015 more than 21,500 families and 139,000 IDPs were profiled as newly displaced, of which approximately 18,850 families and 103,000 individuals were reported to have been displaced during the course of 2015. The later figures represent an increase of between 40% and 43.5% compared with the same period in 2014.

Conflict-induced displacement continues to be largely triggered by Anti Governmental elements (AGEs) ground offensives and by The Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) counteroffensives, often through large-scale military operations, including aerial bombardments. More recently, and on a more localized level in Eastern region, displacement has also been triggered by clashes between non-State armed opposition groups. In several situations, no party in the conflict appears able to capitalize on and hold territorial gains made over time. As a result, the frontlines and control over areas rapidly shifts, causing swift population movements and rapid displacement cycles that are increasingly difficult to track.

Based on current trends, conflict patterns, and mapping of traditional and new conflict hotspots, the IDP Task Forces in the regions have revised upwards the earlier projections for conflict-induced displacement in 2015, particularly for the Northern and North-Eastern regions. Present estimates suggest that by the end of the year, more than 48,500 families and 324,000 individuals may become displaced, which would make 2015 one of the worst years for conflict-induced displacement in Afghanistan since 2002. During the months of June and July, 21 out of 34 Provinces in Afghanistan have been affected by forced movements of population due to conflict.

Political developments, particularly the recently-announced death of Taliban leader Mullah Omar and the future of the peace negotiations, may also negatively impact displacement trends in the remaining months of 2015 as allegiances shift and different factions vie for regional power and influence.

Additionally these provinces have been affected by floods in 2015 especially the Kunduz, Baghlan, Takhar, and Nangarhar provinces, which resulted in the loss of food and other livelihood assets.

Kunduz Province: Kunduz Province currently remains one of the most fragile environments in Afghanistan, as the conflict between AOGs and Afghan National Security Forces is still going on in different districts/parts of Kunduz since April/May of 2015.  In May, most of the conflict was in Iman-shahib, Gultipa and some other parts of the province, which caused displacement of thousands of families from Gultepa, Alchin, Telawka, Bozi Qandari, and Hazrat Sultan area of Kunduz district, Qala-e-Zal, Dasht-e-Archi, Chardarah, Aliabad and other districts of Kunduz province.  Most of the displaced communities moved to the Provincial capital of Kunduz and to other semi urban areas of the city.  IDPs in this region were assisted with Food, NFIs, WASH, Health and other services by UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, NRC, SCI, Community World Services Asia and other humanitarian organizations.

As the conflict continues and has moved to other districts  of the province, a second wave of the IDPs have emerged. Based on the recent Cluster update, about 5840 additional families have been displaced to Kunduz city and its semi urban areas from Chardara, Qala-i-Zal, Aliabad, Dashte Archi and Khan Abad districts. Others have moved to the capital city of Takhar province and its semi urban areas. The IDPs have filed their petitions for assistance to the DoRR (Directorate of Refugees and Repatriation) and their eligibility assessment in the urban and semi-urban areas of Kunduz, which are accessible to the IDP Task Force members is going on, as most of them have not received assistance. The number of IDPs in Kunduz is increasing rapidly as the military operation between AOG and ANSF is continuing in different part of the province. The recent clashes have resulted in civilian casualties, widespread damages to the people’s properties and crops ready for harvest.

As some of the areas are not accessible due to security reasons and due to the ongoing, UNHCR and the IDP taskforce members have asked for Future developments in the conflict dynamics. They have suggested the control of the Kunduz Province to be factored in the plans of the humanitarian actors in order to address humanitarian needs in all areas and uphold humanitarian principles more firmly.

Takhar Province: Military operation started in the first week of July in Khuja Ghar district of Takhar Province, with intense clashes and quick shifting of territorial controls between parties in conflict. This provoked multiple movements of population, within Khuja Ghar District and towards Baharak, Taloqan and Dashte-Qala districts of Takhar. Additional conflicts in the Kunduz province districts (i.e. Khanabad district) have caused more displacement of communities in Takhar province as some of insecure districts of Kunduz province are bordering with the Takshan Province.

The assessment teams undertook the assessment throughout the month of July. Presently, 1,475 families are reported to be identified by the joint assessment team as eligible to assistance out of some 2,600 families visited. The assessment teams are now covering an additional group of population in Dashti Qala district of Takhar and the total number of identified IDPs in Takhar may eventually exceed the 1,600 families.

The IDPs have been able to bring along some of their belongings along but food security is a major issue. In areas of displacement, most of the families were found in overcrowded accommodations. They expressed the intention to return as soon as the situation in their home towns improve. Many families have however also reported the destruction of their houses and livestock and the unfinished harvesting at the time of displacement.

Baghlan Province: Similar to the other Northern provinces, Baghlan is also termed as an insecure province since the last few years due to the inconsistent conflict reported between AOG and ANSF.  In the last week of August, the conflict has however increased and ANSF has initiated a military operation in Dandi Ghuri area of Pulikhumir district and in Dahani Ghuri districts. This has caused massive displacement of people and according to the DoRR report, 3194 petitions of IDPs have been received. OCHA and UNHCR with the support of the IDP taskforce member organizations are planning to conduct assistance eligibility assessment survey, to identify the most vulnerable IDPs. The report stated that at least 50% of the above mentioned IDPs were eligible for assistance. 2904 families from the mentioned IDPs (3194 families) are displaced to Poli Khumri City, 220 families to Hussainkhail and Zamankhail villages of Poli Khumri city and the rest of 70 families to Baghi Shamal area of Poli Khumri.

As per the recent meetings and UNHCR field team report, the humanitarian response in Baghlan province remains a gap due to the low presence of humanitarian actors in the province and their pre-involvement in other IDP emergency responses in other provinces.

Other Areas in the North and North East:

Faryab Province: Due to multiple clashes between AOG and ANSF, armed hostilities and the unstable security situation in Qaisar, Almar, Pashtunkot and Sharin Tagab districts of Faryab Province, a displacement of around 5700 families to the relatively secure neighboring villages have resulted. These families have moved to district centers, relatively secure villages, urban and semi urban areas of Maymana (provincial capital) and to Khuja Sabs Posh (KSP) district. As of now, 1,216 families have qualified for assistance and the assessment of the rest of families is still going on. UNHCR and WFP are mobilizing resources to cover the needs of the displaced populations in Faryab.

Badakhshan Province:   Displacements of hundreds of families to Warduj district center and to Baharak district from Badakshan province has taken place. 160 families have been identified as eligible for assistance will soon receive assistance.  The taskforce members are planning another assessment for the newly displaced families.

Sar-i-Pul Province: During the last week of July, the Kohestanat district of Sar-i-Pul Provinces was taken over by AGE (Anti Government elements) which resulted in the displacement of 500-680 families to  Sar-i-Pul and Sayad district center. A joint assessment team has been formed with the participation of Save the Children to conduct the eligibility assessment of these communities.

Balkh Province: The Balkh province being the regional center/capital, has received IDPs from most of the Northern provinces as a result of the growing instability in the region, additional to its insecure districts, especially from Faryab, Sar-i-Pul and Samangan provinces. Currently the local authorities has reported he tpresence of 480 families, while the number IDPs is increasing from Kunduz as well. During the last few months only 140 families were assisted by the IDP taskforce members.  A Joint team has been mobilized to assess the situation and the reported petitions.

Eastern Region: Based on the recent reports of UNHCR, as significant instability is foreseen in this region due to multiple factors; including military offensive against AGEs hideouts, spill over insecurity from Pakistan FATA (cross-border shelling), AGEs intimidation against local population, including individual and family threats against serving members of ANA/ ANSF, and to a lesser extent tribal disputes. The reported presence of groups paying allegiance to IS/ Daesh is a new factor emerging in some of the volatile and bordering districts of Nangarhar (Deh Bala, Achin, Spin Ghar, Kot, Bati Kot, Khogyani, Chaparhar and Pachir Agam). It is foreseen that this can increase the internal displacement figures further. Trends are already visible since May.

Nangarhar province (especially its capital Jalalabad city) being one of the top host provinces for receiving Afghan returnees from Pakistan especially in 2015. It additionally received conflict induced IDPs from neighboring provinces as Laghman, Kunar and Nuristan further to the continuous influx of IDPs from its remote districts bordering Khyber Agency in FATA, notably Kot and Achin. Families are settling in Jalalabad, Behsud, Rodat and Shurkhrod districts, but also in the neighboring rural districts close to Achin.

Authorities have received and submitted some 106 petitions to the IDP Task Force filed by 1,684 families originating from Kot district of the province and 31 petitions at the beginning of July listing 1,847 families displaced from Achin district so far.

Until now humanitarian teams have reached out to some 1,258 families and 8,571 individuals from Mamand valley of Achin and from other villages of the same district. Most of the families have been assessed and assisted by the ICRC/ARCS in major areas of displacement in Ghani Khel. 1,073 families have received food and NFIs during the last week of July. As for the IDP Task forces activities, the remaining families was have been recommended for food, NFI or unconditional cash assistance.

Displacement in the Nangarhar province is likely to continue from the areas bordering Pakistan FATA (Nazyan, Achin, Dehbala, Dub Baba), largely due to counter insurgency operations and clashes ANSF/ AGEs and due to the harassments and pressure by AGEs. In addition, presence and action of groups paying allegiance to IS/ Daesh might trigger new displacements. From Kot, Bati Kot, Achin, Deh Bala, Khogyani, Chaparhar and Pachir Agam, communities are largely directed to Jalalabad and surrounding districts since May. Nangarhar provincial capital is likely to remain the main recipient of displaced communities from Laghman, Kunar and Nuristan.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia is closely monitoring the situation and planning its response to provide urgent needs (Food, NFI, health and hygiene) of Conflict induced IDPs in Provincial cities and semi urban areas of Kunduz and Baghlan provinces in north, and in Nangarhar Province in east of the country, because of the following reasons:

Kunduz: Kunduz has a high number of conflict induced IDPs and the humanitarian organizations that are currently involved in response  are called on by the IDP taskforce member organizations, to mobilize more resources in order to reach to the most urgent needs of IDPs especially food, NFI, health and hygiene. Community World Service Asia, with financial support from Church of Sweden, has been providing monthly rations of food packages to conflict-affected families in Kunduz. It has an established presence in Kunduz with operational office and teams and can immediately respond to the urgent need of scaling up assistance in food and starting activities for support in NFIs, health and hygiene awareness.

Baghlan: As presence of humanitarian actors is very low in the province, it is vital to respond to the urgent needs of IDPs as it has received quite a significant number of conflict induced IDPs in the last few weeks. Community world service Asia can easily manage the emergency response from its Kunduz office as Baghlan is located only about 50Km from Kunduz capital city.

Nangarhar: Considering the current number of conflict induced IDPs, there has been a forecast predicting an increase in the number of IDPs in the province due to ongoing military operations, cross-border shelling from FATA areas of Pakistan and violence by groups alleging with  IS/ Daesh. Community World Service Asia has an operational office in Jalalabad city of Nangrhar province to be able to easily respond to the urgent needs of Conflict induced IDPs in urban and semi urban areas of Jalalabad city.

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Nejabat Khan Safi
Associate Director
Returnees and IDPs
Email: nejabat.safi@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +93 799 326 628

Photo credits: Saleem Dominic

Floods 2015 (Joint Update)

f15map

The ongoing flood emergency is continuing to adversely affect the lives and livelihoods of thousands of communities all across Pakistan and its AJK state. The rains that started in the mid of July have continued for weeks disrupting the lives of many communities. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) have reported 917,791 people as affected; 173 deaths and 127 injuries owing to the devastating floods. In Sindh, the rainfall leading to floods has affected the Katcha area of the six districts however it is anticipated that the floods will drift down to the low lying districts of the province as well.

Damage statistics caused by the floods in the country are indicated in the table below:

Province Deaths Injured Houses Damaged Villages Affected Population Affected
AJ&K 22 5 237 17
Baluchistan 13 33 798
Gilgit Baltistan 7 6 812 286 136,000
KPK 83 70 3,320
Punjab 48 13 2,025 496 362,863
Sindh 2,097 418,928
Total 173 127 7,192 2,896 917,791

Government authorities have predicted an increase in flooding particularly in Sindh in the upcoming days as heavy monsoon rains are continuing, thus increasing flood water levels in Kabul, Indus, Jhelum and Chenab rivers. The persistent melting of glaciers in Diamer district are further adding to the rise in river waters. The authorities have warned of massive destructions in interior Sindh in the coming weeks when flood water from all of over the country is expected to pass through catchment districts of Indus River in the Sindh province.

Following is a brief overview of the impact the recent flash floods have had on the different provinces of Pakistan so far:

Sindh:  Six districts have been severely affected by the floods in Sindh so far and the number of the affected villages is expected to increase rapidly in the following days. The affected districts in Sindh include Kashmore, Gothki, Shikarpur, Khairpur, Sukur and Qambar Shahdadkot.  The displaced communities have no choice but to live in tents under open skies on embankments and elevated areas in the affected districts. Anticipating displacement from these districts the government has established relief camps at various embankments.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Eleven districts of the KPK province have been affected by the floods and a lot  more damage is expected in the near future due to the unending monsoon rains, land sliding, melting of glaciers and increase in flood level in Kabul and Indus rivers. The affected districts in KPK include Bannu, Batagram, Charsadda, Chitral, DI Khan, Karak, Kohat, Lakki Marwat, Peshawar, Swat and Shangla. However Nowshera and Charsadda are at a higher risk because of the mounting pressure being caused in Kabul River due to the continuing rains.

Gilgit-Baltistan: Diamer, Gilgit, Ghizar, Ghanche, Skardu and Hunza districts have been reported to be severely damaged. A number of roads and connecting bridges have been washed away leaving many villages disconnected from the main towns.

AJK: District Sudhnoti, Neelam, Havaili and Bhimber have been reported to have been affected by the rains and flash floods in 17 villages in the region.

Punjab: Almost 500 villages in Mianwali, Layyah, DG Khan, Rajanpur, Rahimyarkhan and Muzaffargarh districts are left inundated by the floods. Agricultural land spread across 378,172 acres of land have also been destroyed.

Baluchistan: Heavy rainfall, windstorms and the inevitable floods have left districts Zhob, Musakhel, Killa Saifullah, Kohlu and Dera Bugti severely damaged; flood protection bunds, electricity poles, roads, plantations have been impaired. The floods have caused breaches at various locations in the protection bunds claiming four lives so far.

FATA: A number of villages and houses have been reported as damaged in the Khyber and Mohmand agencies of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. However, exact figures are yet to be reported by the authorities and the national media.

Response by Act Alliance: Community World Service Asia’s project teams are present in KPK, Sindh and Punjab provinces as well as in Azad Jamu & Kashmir. Sindh, positioned on the tail-end of Indus River, is one of the most flood-prone provinces. A number of districts in Sindh are already affected and the thousands of people displaced are in need of food, non-food items (NFIs) and health assistance. Community World Service Asia’s team in Sindh has carried out assessments and has also completed the distribution of monthly food packages to 100 flood affected families. The assistance is to be continued as 2,221 additional families will receive monthly food packages in the coming weeks. Community World Service Asia will also establish a water treatment plant in district Ghotki which will provide treated, clean drinking water to approximately 5,000 flood affected people on a daily basis for a month. Provision of Emergency Health Services has also been proposed in district Ghotki.

Our partner, NCA’s WASH team have also completed an assessment in Punjab and Sindh. In Sindh province, NCA has jointly assessed the situation in district Ghotki together with Community World Service Asia focusing on WASH, health and livelihoods. NCA’s assessment covers Layyah, Muzaffargarh and Rajanpur districts in Punjab province and Ghotki, and Kashmore districts in Sindh province.  The assessment team has conducted a rapid survey using semi-structured questionnaires, key informant interviews, FGDs and interviews with government stakeholders to gather important information on access, vulnerability, coping capacity, available resources and existing key risks. The assessment has been compiled.

As part of NCA’s emergency preparedness plan, the organization is mobilizing its pre-positioned mobile Water Treatment Units (WTUs) for immediate use. Each unit can purify and provide clean drinking water to 5,000 individuals based on SPHERE standards. Keeping in view the urgent needs and NCA’s life saving response capacity, it is utilizing its internal funds (through their head office) to provide emergency funds to immediately mobilize the WTUs. As planned for this response, six WTUs will provide water to alteast 30,000 individuals at this crucial stage. The budgeted amount is calculated for a three months response.

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Muhammad Fazal
Associate Director
Emergencies/DRR/Climate Change
Email: fazil.sardar@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 332 5586134

Palwashay Arbab
Head of Communications
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Ph: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources:
www.ndma.gov.pk
www.pmd.gov.pk

The monsoon rains that struck Pakistan in the third week of July are still continuing across the country. As a result of the heavy monsoon rains and melting of glaciers in the north of country, there has been widespread flooding in different regions of the country. The table below shows the level of damages reported till today:

No. of Casualties People injured Houses damaged Villages affected Total affected population
146 66 3,133 2,073 752,274

The floods have also severely damaged the infrastructure and local livelihoods of many parts of rural and semi-urban Pakistan; agricultural fields and crops have been damaged. A number of local markets, link roads, connecting bridges and micro-hydro power stations have been reported damaged as well.

As per the latest reports of the Pakistan Meteorological & Hydrological Department, the River Indus at Guddu Barrage is likely to attain a High to very High flood level ranging between 650,000 cusecs to 750,000 cusecs during 1400 PST of August 1st to 2400 PST of August 3rd 2015. It was further added that the flood levels will continue to remain high for the following seven days.

River Indus at Sukkur is also reported to maintain a High to very High flood level ranging between 650,000 cusecs to 750,000 cusecs during 1200 PST of August 2nd to 2400PST of August 4th2015. Flood levels will remain high for the next seven days in this region as well.

Unceasing heavy monsoon showers are expected in the coming days across Pakistan and a further increase in the water levels in Kabul, Indus, Jhelum and Chenab Rivers may intensify the flooding in Sindh. The Director General of the Meteorological Department still maintains as per his earlier message that India is also likely to release excess water from its dams in the following days which can upsurge flooding in the low-lying areas of Pakistan also. The authorities have warned of massive destruction in interior Sindh in the subsequent weeks as flood water from all of over the country will pass through catchment districts of Indus River in the Southern province.

The impact of the latest flash floods on different provinces of Pakistan are indicated briefly below:

SINDH
No. of Casualties People injured Houses Damaged Villages Affected Total affected population
16 -* -* 1,423 281, 921
* No definite number available yetThe affected communities displaced are forced to live in tents and under the open sky or on embankments and elevated places in the affected districts. The government has established relief camps at various embankments for the affected people however people have been reported to prefer to live in open spaces instead. The provincial government together with the Pakistan Army is providing rescue and evacuation services to the flood affected communities and villages.
KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA (KPK)
No. of Casualties People injured Houses Damaged Villages Affected Total affected population
73 31 348 292 -*
* No definite number available yetChitral is the worst affected district in KPK province. Majority of the villages have lost land-connections that they had between major cities as link roads and connecting bridges, micro-hydro power stations have been severely damaged. The Government has distributed relief items including tents among the displaced families and has also announced a cash compensation of PKR. 0.5 Million for each affected family that has lost their house in the floods in Chitral.
GILGIT BALTISTAN
No. of Casualties People injured Houses Damaged Villages Affected Total affected population
5 2 653 175 136,000
* No definite number available yetGhizar, Astor, Skardu and Hunza districts have been reported to be severely damaged. A number of roads and connecting bridges have been washed away that has left many villages disconnected from the main towns. 
Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK)
No. of Casualties People injured Houses Damaged Villages Affected Total affected population
20 8 189 -* -*
* No definite number available yetDistrict Sudhnoti, Neelam, Havaili and Bhimber have been reported to affect by the rains and flash floods.
Punjab
No. of Casualties People injured Houses Damaged Villages Affected Total affected population
22 4 553 466 334, 353
Villages in Mianwali, Layyah, DG Khan, Rajanpur, Rahimyarkhan and Muzaffargarh districts are most severely swamped by the flood water of River Sindh.  Out of the total affected population in Punjab, 59250 are reported to be living in 27 relief camps established by the Government.  Crop fields spread across 233,688 acres of land have been totally destroyed.
Baluchistan
No. of Casualties People injured Houses Damaged Villages Affected Total affected population
10 24 620 -* -*
* No definite number available yetHeavy rainfall, windstorms has affected Districts Zhob, Kohlu and Dera Bugti with flooding. Flood protection walls, electricity poles and links roads have been damaged while trees and plants have been uprooted as well. High flood levels in Guddu and Taunsa barrages are posing a probable threat to more districts of Baluchistan.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
A number of villages and houses have been reported to be damaged in Khyber and Mohamand agencies of Federally Administered Tribal Areas. However, exact figures have yet to be reported by the authorities and national media.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia’s Disaster Response Team are present in KPK, Sindh and Punjab provinces as well as in Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Sindh, positioned on the tail-end of Indus River, is one of the most flood-prone provinces. A number of districts in Sindh are already severely affected and thousands of people are in dire need of immediate food, NFI and health assistance. Community World Service Asia has been able to assist 100 most vulnerable flood affected families in district Ghotki with provision of one month food rations.  One month food ration among another 827 families will be distributed in the coming weeks.

Contacts:
Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Muhammad Fazal
Associate Director
Emergencies/DRR/Climate Change
Email: fazil.sardar@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 332 5586134

Palwashay Arbab
Head of Communications
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources:
www.ndma.gov.pk
www.pdma.gov.pk
www.tribune.com.pk
www.dailytimes.com.pk
www.express.com.pk

Download updated map indicating the latest flood situation of Pakistan

Heavy monsoon rains hit different parts of Pakistan starting the third week of July and are still going strong. These rains along with rapid melting of glaciers have resulted in massive flooding across the country. Till date, 145 people have been reported to have died, while 36 people have been injured because of this heavy downpour and floods. Three thousand and fifty houses are damaged and 451 villages have been totally inundated while many more villages have been partially affected resulting in the displacement of around 3, 85,957 people across the country. These latest floods have also severally damaged the infrastructure and the local livelihoods.  A total of 715 cattle have perished in the floods, and 233,688 acres of agricultural land, local markets, roads, bridges and micro hydro-power stations have been damaged.

The Government authorities have predicted an increase in flooding especially in the Sindh province in the upcoming days due to the continuing rains, increase in flood water level in Kabul, Indus, Jhelum and Chenab rivers, and the further melting of a glacier in Diamer district. According to the Director General of the Meteorological Department, India has also released 150,000 cusecs of flood water which means 0.8 million cusecs of water is currently passing through the Guddu Barrage. India is likely to release more surplus water from its dam in the coming days which will further increase flooding in the low-lying areas of Pakistan. The authorities have warned of possible massive destruction in interior Sindh in the following weeks as flood water from all of over the country will be passing through catchment districts of Indus River in the province.

Following is a brief overview of impact of recent flash floods on different provinces of Pakistan so far:

Sindh: 16 people have died because of rains and floods and many more have been reported injured as of today. Six districts and over 300 villages have been affected by the floods in Sindh so far and many more villages are expected to be gravely affected in the days to come. The affected districts in Sindh include Kashmore, Gothki, Shikarpur, Khairpur, Sukur and Qambar Shahdadkot.  Over 100,000 people have been displaced and are forced to live in tents and under the open sky on river embankments and elevated places in the affected districts.   Anticipating displacement from these districts the government has established relief camps at various embankments in Sindh. The provincial government together with 800 personnel from the Pakistan Army is providing rescue and evacuation services to the people from the flood affected villages. Hundreds of people currently living in the open air and under tents are at risk of being highly food insecure.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK): Three districts and 292 villages have been affected by the floods in KPK where 74 people have died and 15 have been injured so far. Many more damages are expected to follow in the coming days because of the continued monsoon rains, land sliding, melting of glaciers and increasing water levels in Kabul and Indus rivers. The affected districts in KPK include Chitral, Peshawar and Shangla while Nowshera and Charsadda are at high risk because of mounting pressure in Kabul River and continued monsoon rains.  Chitral is the most affected district where 64 people have died and 31750 houses have completely washed away with the flood water. Majority of the villages have lost land-connections with the major cities because of destruction of roads and connecting bridges and micro-hydro power stations. The Government has distributed relief items including tents among the displaced families and have also announced PKR. 0.5 million in cash for each family that have lost their homes due to the floods in Chitral.

Gilgit-Baltistan: Ghizar, Astor, Skardu and Hunza districts have been most damaged in this region. Six hundred and twenty five houses have reported to be fully damaged while many more were reported to be partially damaged as result of rains, landslide and flashfloods. Two people have been reported to have died because of rains/flash floods in this area. A number of roads and connecting bridges have been washed away that had left many villages disconnected from the main towns.

AJK: Districts Sudhnoti, Neelam, Havaili and Bhimber have been reported as worst affected by the rains and flash floods in this region. Thirteen people were reported to have died while eight have been injured and a hundred houses were reported as fully damaged.

Punjab: At least 31 people have died and 4 people have been reportedly injured as a result of the floods and vicious rains in the Punjab province. Four hundred and thirty three villages in Mianwali, Layyah, DG Khan, Rajanpur, Rahimyarkhan and Muzaffargarh districts are left flooded by the overflow of water from the Sindh River.  285,957 people have been reported affected out of which 59250 are living in 27 relief camps established by the Government.  Agricultural fields spread across 233,688 acres of land have also been destroyed.

Baluchistan: Heavy rainfall, windstorm and the flood situation in District Zhob has damaged flood protection bunds, electric poles, roads, uprooting trees, etc. The floods have also caused breaches at various locations of the protection bunds claiming four lives so far. In the central province, at least twenty-one people drowned in the flood water, however, only seven dead bodies have been recovered. The search and rescue operation is underway for the recovery of the rest of the drowned people.

FATA: A number of villages and houses have been reported to have been fully damaged in Khyber and Mohamand agencies of Federally Administered Tribal Areas. However, exact figures have are yet to be confirmed by the authorities and national media.

Response by Community World Service Asia: Community World Service Asia’s field teams are present in KPL, Sindh and Punjab provinces as well as in Azad Jamu & Kashmir. Sindh, positioned on the tail-end of Indus River, is among the most flood-prone provinces. A number of districts in Sindh are already affected and thousands of people are displaced who are now in dire need of food, NFIs and health assistance. Community World Service Asia’s field team in Sindh is carrying out assessments in the affected districts and has also started distribution of one month food rations to hundred most affected families in Gothki district of Sindh province.  Another one month food rations among another 827 families will be distributed in the coming weeks.

Contacts:

Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Muhammad Fazal
Associate Director
Emergencies/DRR/Climate Change
Email: fazil.sardar@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 332 5586134

Palwashay Arbab
Senior Communications Officer
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Ph: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources:
http://www.nawaiwaqt.com.pk/E-Paper/Lahore/2015-07-28/page-1/detail-24
http://www.thekawish.com/beta/
www.tribune.com.pk
www.e.dunya.com.pk/National Humanitarian Network
www.ndma.gov.pk
weather.par.com.pk
http://epaper.pknewspapers.com/the-kawish.html
Express News, July 27, 2015 http://www.pdma.gos.pk/new/Docs/flood2015/SER-1-25-2015.pdf
http://www.pdma.gos.pk/new/Docs/flood2015/24-7-2015STOCKSPOSITION.pdf

Torrential rains have created havoc in different parts of the country making life miserable for the residents of the affected areas. District Chitral is on top of the list of the worst affected districts where Infrastructure has been the worst-hit and the upper areas of the district have virtually been cut off from the rest of Chitral, leaving as many as 200,000 people stranded.

Kyber Pakhtunkhwa: Initial assessment has revealed massive damages, while officials have reason to believe that the actual situation could be much worse.

The PDMA said the available machinery and manpower had already been deployed for temporary opening of routes to restore communication.

Around 40 connecting bridges and more than 200 smaller bridges have been washed away. An estimated 175 houses were completely destroyed while over 200 others were partially damaged.

Three towns of Latkoh tehsil – Garam Chashma, Arkari and Karimabad – have been inaccessible for the past six days.

Electricity and water supply systems have also been destroyed, while a shortage of edible items has also been reported.

Standing maize and vegetable crops, and the villagers’ cattle and other belongings were swept away, but no loss of life was reported there. However, a girl was killed in the Bakarabad area of Jamrud in Khyber Agency when the roof of a house collapsed because of the heavy downpour.

Punjab: Around 100 villages have been flooded in district layyah, while due to high level flooding in Indus river, thousands acres of crop has been destroyed in district Rajanpur and adjacent areas. The affected people are compelled to evacuate the area and to move to safer places.

Balochistan: Three children were killed and more than a dozen people injured in rain-related incidents in the northern parts of Balochistan, where torrential rains played havoc and disrupted road communication. The protection wall of Sherani was washed away by hill torrents as well, flooding the residential township and the nearby villages. A bridge linking Zhob and Sherani also collapsed, suspending road communication. Heavy rains were also reported in Ziarat, as the downstream in Sibi Valley of the plains was inundated.

Sindh: At least 10 people drowned while swimming or accidentally falling into waterways in separate incidents. The flood water is expected to reach Sindh districts and affect the low lying areas on the bank of the rivers in the next few days.

The PMD has issued a red alert for flash flooding in local nullahs and streams of Punjab, upper K-P, eastern Balochistan and Kashmir for the next three days.

The Met Office has warned the local authorities to take preventive measures to avoid any kind of human or property loss.

PMD meteorologist Muzammil Hussain said the second spell of monsoon would continue across the country until July 30, with weak to moderate showers with short intervals.

He said hot and humid weather would persist across the country, adding that the humidity level had reached 70 per cent.

Community World Service Asia is currently monitoring the situation and will respond if the emergency assistance is required.

Contacts:

Allan A. Calma
Deputy Director
Disaster Management Program
Email: allan.calma@communityworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 301 5801621

Muhammad Fazal
Associate Director
Emergencies/DRR/Climate Change
Email: fazil.sardar@communitryworldservice.asia
Cell: +92 332 5586134

Palwashay Arbab
Senior Communications Officer
Email: palwashay.arbab@communityworldservice.asia
Ph: +92 42 3586 5338

Sources:
www.tribune.com.pk
www.express.com.pk

Following the Taliban’s traditional “spring offensive” in the Northern and Western parts of Afghanistan, thousands of local people have fled their homes, mainly to Badakhshan, Bagdhis and Kunduz provinces. Baghlan, Farah, Faryab, Ghor, Herat, Jawzjan have also started hosting displaced communities (IDPs) from the conflict zones, although in smaller numbers.

According to the Conflict-Induced Displacement snapshot as of June 2nd, 2015, 1,283 IDP families have been reported displaced in Badghis and around 190 IDP families in Faryab.

A total of 18,355 families have signed petitions to be considered as conflict-induced displaced in six districts in the Kunduz province, while an estimated 800 families remain displaced in the province of Baghlan.

In Jorm district of Badakhshan province, 1,200 displaced families have been reported as of June 2nd.

The World Food Program (WFP ), United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) have already started distribution of food, non-food items (NFIs) and hygiene kits, in Kunduz City. Approximately 3,000 IDPs in the urban center have received assistance to date, and the response is ongoing. The IDPs staying in Baghlan have been referred to the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) for assistance.

Source: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/system/files/documents/files/afg_conflict_displacement_20150602.pdf